From the Latin word meaning ‘writers’. The learned class of many ancient societies, responsible for administration and diplomacy, as was Baruch, Jeremiah's secretary who wrote down his words. Ezra, who had been a high official in the Persian civil service, was well versed in Israelite law (Ezra 7) and this tradition was continued through the Maccabean age (167–63 BCE) into NT times.
As a group, scribes belonged to different parties, as is implied by Mark (2:16), who mentions those who belonged to the Pharisees. In the gospels they are presented as opponents of Jesus, associated with the high priests and elders (Mark 11:27) and hostile to the Church (Acts 4:5; 6:12). Their work was to pass on their knowledge of the Law and of the interpretation of scripture; they were active in the Temple. Jesus' teaching is said (Mark 1:22) to have possessed an authority unlike that of the scribes, meaning that he could not only interpret existing law but actually make law.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Scribes — • In the New Testament period the scribes were the professional interpreters of the Law in the Jewish synagogues Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Scribes     Scribes      …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • SCRIBES —    Since the invention of writingin the late fourth millennium B.C., scribes were instrumental in the development of the administrativestructures that made Mesopotamian citieseconomically competitive. Literate bureaucrats became a mainstay of… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

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  • Scribes —    Anciently held various important offices in the public affairs of the nation. The Hebrew word so rendered (sopher) is first used to designate the holder of some military office (Judg. 5:14; A.V., pen of the writer; R.V., the marshal s staff;… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Scribes — Scribe Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SCRIBES (judaïsme) — SCRIBES, judaïsme Le privilège de savoir lire et écrire était, dans les civilisations de l’Orient ancien, réservé à une élite, car l’acquisition de l’instruction exigeait un apprentissage coûteux et long dans les écoles. Les scribes pouvaient… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • scribes — skraɪb n. copyist, copier of manuscripts; public clerk; author, writer; Jewish scholar who transcribed edited and interpreted Biblical scrolls (Judaism) v. write down, record, inscribe; mark by cutting or scratching; work as a scribe …   English contemporary dictionary

  • scribes —    This word (from the Latin scriba, meaning secretary or accountant ), at the time of the New Testament, referred to Jewish legal scholars or teachers of Jewish Law, who are often portrayed as opposed to Jesus …   Glossary of theological terms

  • SCRIBES, THE —    (i. e. writers), a non priestly class among the Jews devoted to the study and exposition of the Law, and who rose to a position of importance and influence in the Jewish community, were known in the days of Christ also by the name of Lawyers,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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